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. president karzai calls for engagement and reconciliation with the talib. >> those who are not part of al qaeda for other terrorists >> unrepentant -- president obama delivers his first state of the union address. economy and jobs are his main focus. >> we don't quit. i don't quit. let us seize this moment to start anew, to carry the dream of forward and strengthen our union once more. >> hard to believe, 15 days after haiti's earthquake, a teenage girl is pulled alive from the rubble. a former press -- french prime minister of quitted of plotting to samir nicolas sarkozy when he was running for president. -- acquitted of plotting to samir nicolas sarkozy. it is 7:00 a.m. and washington, midday in london where world leaders are hammering out a new strategy for afghanistan. opening the conference bridge prime minister gordon brown says this was a decisive time. he said the transfer of the parties to afghans of some provinces should begin later this year. president karzai called on saudi arabia to be involved in the new peace process with the taliban. with more details from the conference -
and money to peace with the taliban undermine the environment with the afghan people? homage karzai has been defending himself from the accusation. -- homage karzai. britain's prime minister answered questions from afghan and british students and defended his deployment of british troops. our world from paris -- our world affairs correspondent was there. >> president karzai arrives in london knowing he has repair work to do on his own reputation and that of his government. last ye's afghan elections were widely seen as flawed by widespread corruption. at the same time, more troops than ever were being killed or injured in the war against the taliban. was it, one student asked, worth the price being paid? >> british soldiers have been fighting in afghanistan for nine years. practically half my life. have we seen any change in the situation over there? will we get better? or will my children ask me the same question? >> i think the first thing to say is we had to take action in 2001. after the al-qaeda bombing of new york, the knowledge that al- qaeda were operating from afghanistan, the help
and money to the taliban not undermine the freedoms won by the afghan people? tommy karzai has been defending himself against accusations ahead of thursday's london conference on afghanistan. britain's prime minister gordon brown answered questions from afghan and british students and defended his deployment of british troops. our world affairs correspondent was there. >> president karzai arrives in london knowing that he has repair work to do on his reputation and that of his government. last year's afghan elections were widely seen as flawed by widespread corruption. at the same time, more western troops than ever were killed or injured in the war against the taliban. was it worth the price, one student asked? >>. is it shoulders have been fighting in afghanistan at nine years, -- british soldiers have been fighting in afghanistan nine years, practically have my life. will it get any better or will my children be asking me the same questions? >> i think the first thing to say it is we had to take action in 2001 after the bombing of new york, the knowledge that al qaeda was operati
-speaking pashtun who had been living in exile, a man named hamid karzai, to turn the pashtuns against the taliban. and, two, beat the taliban in kandahar in their home base. did i mention we're only talking about 11 guys here? they are operational detachment alpha 574. these 11 green berets, 11 men did something in 2001 that tens of thousands of americans are trying to redo nine years later in 2010. their story and their success is told through first-hand accounts by these green berets and with the assent of the families of those who did not survive in a remarkable new book called "the only thing worth dying for, how 11 green berets forged a new afghanistan." earlier i sat down with the author eric blehm, and army major jason amerine who led this team of 11 green berets on this incredible mission. thank you for being here. major, let me start with you. the taliban stronghold of kandahar, the only thing that most americans knew about afghanistan at the time that you were there. was that kandahar was their heartland. what was the plan to beat them there and what eventually worked? >> we worked with
of canada about the cabinet picks for hamid karzai. what is the concern over the choices that president karzai is making? guest: he has now made two set of choices. he nominated one slate of cabinet officials, about 24 of them. 17 were rejected by the parliament. but arlin is in a healthy move, asserting itself. this is a good thing -- the parliament is, in a healthy move, asserting itself. this is a good thing, checks and balances. he looked at the first slate of nominees by president karzai and parliament did not like them. they did confirm the most important cabinet choices from president karzai, the minister of defense and the minister of interior, which handles all of the police. the minister of finance, the minister of agriculture, when the biggest recipients of assistance. -- one of the biggest recipient of assistance. those picks are clear. president karzai has recently over the weekend submitted a second state to replace those that were rejected the first time. these are lesser-known people. the second slate are lesser- known people. many people have not heard -- many afghans h
. president karzai told a conference that his company -- country was moving slowly toward national security. of the next 45 minutes, british and afghan leaders and the un secretary general outline their goals. general mcchrystal has the international forces serving with such distinction in afghanistan and soon to be over 100,000 strong. foreign ministers, distinguished guests representing over 70 nations and international organizations, including every single member of the 43 nation strong international security assistance force. representing also afghanistan's key regional and muslim partners with whom we are pleased to work and his involvement in this worldwide coalition to support peace and stability in this crucial region are especially welcome to. this is a decisive time for the international cooperation that is helping the afghan people secure and govern their own country. for this conference marked the beginning of the transition process, of bring the necessary conditions under which we can begin district by district, a provident -- province by province, the transferring of responsib
the environment wi the afghaneople? homage kzai has been defending himself from the accusation. -- homage karzai. britain's prime minister swered questions from afghan d british studts and defended his deoyment of british troops. our world om paris our wod affairs correspondent was there. >>president karzai arrives londonnowing he has repair ork to do on hiswn reputation and that of his vernment. last year's afghan elections were widelyseen as flawed by widespread corruption. at the same time, mo troops than ever were being killeor injured in the war against the taliban. was it, one studt asked, worth e price being paid? british soiers have been fighting in afghanistan for nine years. practically ha my life. ha we en any cnge in the situation over ere? will we get better? or will my children ask me the same question? >> i tnk the first thing to say i we had to takection in 2001. after the al-qaeda bombing of new york, the knowledge tt al- qaeda were opering from afghanistan, the hp that was given them by the taliban govement. the question is how can we keep our streets safe and how good the res
for afghanistan's president karzai. the parliament rejected most of karzai's picks to fill his new 24-member cabinet. most turned down were viewed as cronies of karzai. a bit of controversy from five years ago is flaring up again this weekend in denmark where a man has been arrested for trying to kill an artist who drew cartoons of the prophet mohamm mohammed. sheila macvicar has more. >> reporter: carried into the courthouse on a stretcher his face covered to conceal his identity, this is the man police say tried to murder danish cartoonist kurt westergaard. the somali broke into westergaard's home last night wielding an axe and a knife and shouting he wanted to kill him. the car to bist and his five-year-old granddaughter was able to take shelter in a specially secured bathroom. when the police arrived two minutes later, the would-be killer attacked them, too. police shot him in the knee to stop him. five years another a danish newspaper commissioned a dozen cartoons depicting the prophet mohammed. kurt westergaard drewab image of the prophet with his turbin shaped as a bomb. the publicati
in the afghan parliament was a stinging rebuke to president hamid karzai, rejecting 17 of his 24 cabinet nominees. the prize move caused new disarray. two months after karzai was declared winner of a presidential election plagued by fraud. today karzai ordered parliament to cancel its winter break so it vote on a new list of nominees that he's now preparing. he's under pressure to show progress in governing by january 28 when an international conference on the afghan mission convenes in london. among the rejected nominees was influential word lord khan and the only woman karzai had named. lawmakers criticized many on the list as unqualified political cronies. several holdovers in vital posts were approved. among them the defense minister and the minister of interior. along with the ministers of finance, education, and agriculture. i spoke to afghan ambassador today and asked him how big a setback this was to karzai. >> it may be a temporary setback for the president but it's a step forward for the democracy in afghanistan. it's really happy for the parliament of afghanistan to do their j
with karzai. this is an opportunity for us to make sure that more draconian steps are taken and said if they steps that have yielded little results. >> i could not agree with you more. i cannot disagree with you at all. this is a moment and it will take a tough hand. >> i noticed the vote has not gone off. and to set fashion, which are drifting along here. -- in truth senate fashion, we are drifting along here. >> i'd prefer to look at this as an opportunity to finish my questions. i.t. why for being here and for your insights. -- thank you for your being here a year and says. my first question before i ask more about the long term, if each of you are satisfied that everything is currently being done that can be done with the short-term relief efforts, dr. former, you talk about how slow the relief efforts are and to a great extent that is because of the lack of infrastructure. is there more than should be done right now to address those relief efforts? >> thank you. i think there is a mismatch between the degree of interest and resources that we as a nation are putting in and the ab
karzai and his leadership to address this. >> what's your sense of that? have you seen any change in president's karzai steps? >> he's looking to ministers. he and i actually talked about this. his strategic intent is there. what struck me in meeting with these elders was the evolution of this corruption. so, it wasn't something that was always there. it's been over the last decade or so that they spoke to it. these same elders said to me that they were embarrassed that the united states soldier, sailors, airmen, marines were dying for them. they want to lead this effort. they appreciate what we've done, but they really want to lead this effort and this is something i know the president, president karzai is trying to engender in his leadership with his people. >> but what you talk about the leadership issue. you talked in the past about interviews about the critical need of good, local leadership. president karzai, by many accounts, is not moving forward in his second term. you know, his appointments to the cabinet were largely rejected by parliament and many on grounds that these
others have spoken to the need for president karzai and his leadership to address this. >> what's your sense of that? have you seen any change in president karzai's footsteps? >> initially -- he was -- looking to ministers and he and i actually talked about this in his strategic intent is there. what struck me in meeting with these elders was the evolution of this corruption. so it wasn't something that was always there. it has been over the last decade or so that they spoke to it. these same elders said to me that they were embarrassed, that the united states soldiers, sailors, airmen, marines were dieing and they want to lead this effort. they appreciate what we have done but they really want to lead this effort and this is something i know the president, president karzai, is trying to engender in his leadership with his people. >> you talk about the leadership issue and talked in the past and in interviews about the critical need of good local leadership. president karzai, by many accounts, is not moving forward in his second term. the -- his appointments to the cabinet were largely
to have -- that's part of the equation, and we have to have the karzai government show us that we -- it is going to truly reform. >> let's start with the karzai government, senator mccain. while you are there, president karzai is trying another time to get his cabinet approved. if he does not have faith that these people are not corrupt, if we can't get to that simple first step, how can we build institutions or repair roads and put them to work and educate them in afghanistan and build the confidence that trust the central government and not the taliban? >> they have a long way to go in the area of corruption. but the fact the parliament rejected his nominees, i think you can see a democratic process moving forward. president karzai recognizes what he just has been through was an important lesson to him. we have to keep pressing on the corruption issue. let me tell you two other things that concern me. first of all, i think we have the right strategy and the right resources and the right leadership. we went outside kandahar to an operating base where americans and afghan soldiers
this week. move in return for this additional commitment, we must agree with president karzai's plan for the expansion of the afghan army and police. we will agree today that the afghan national army will # 134,000 by october 2010. and more by 2011. we will commit to supporting a police report with afghan national police numbers preeti 9000 by october of this year. this is a present bigger than our coalition forces. we need more international trainers to do this. we are doubling the number of military teams for the afghan police starting in april of this afghan security forces will be 300,000. international forces will rise to 135,000. the balance will continue to ship toward afghan security control. as president obama made clear last month, by the middle of next year, we have to turn the tide in the fight against the insurgency and also in our work to support the afghan government. today we affirm that the increase in our military efforts must be matched with governance in economic development, a surge to match and complement the current military surge. we have agreed today to back
rules of afghanistan and tri tolay their part asordinary citizens. >> it was aranged that present karzai should think the itish army. he expressedis sympathy for the wives and mothersf those who have been kild. >> we undersnd their suffering and pain. there are millions ofothers in afghanistan who feel exactlyhe same wa >> it is hard to avoid the feeling this confence has been about british-american public opinion just much as it has been about the afghans themselves. a definite effort to persuade us all that this is not an open- ended war thatill sttch on into the indinite future, swallowing a money and lives- up money and lives. esident karzai has been made acceable again. have been promised that our rt in the warill begin to wind down in 18 months time. it has been a remarkable performancey the diplats and politicians. >> we picking up whereohn left, sixonthsago, british forces launched a major operation to secure parts of heand pronce against the taliban. hundreds of soldiers took part in operation panter'-- paner's claw. they have been backo the same rt of helmand province to check
responsibiliti forces late this year, or early next year. president hamid karzai said that training the afghans could take five to ten years. and that foreign troops might be needed for 15 years. in tonight's lead focus, we're going to hr about another key component of the emerging afghanistan strategy. from london, chris ship of itn tells us about the newly devised plan to win over the taliban by buying their support. >> reporter: it is easy to be cynical about the conference in afghanistan. in a stately mansion in london where they ate sea bass for lunch. but 60 countries are here today, working on an international plan to end the grueling conflict which has been dragging on for nine years. for the first time the world's military and diplomat elite are preparing a high-risk strategy of buying off the taliban and talking to their leaders. >> let us welcome the plans from president karzai and the government of afghanistan. for an afghan led peace and reintegration program that offers insurgents a way back into mainstream ife. on the condition that they continue to renounce violence, cut any tie
karzai is under pressure to crack down on corruption and taliban insurgents. parliamentary elections have been delayed because of a lack of funding. it is against this backdrop that the london conference on the future of afghanistan begins wednesday. you have been talking to general stanley mcchrystal about the role his troops will play in the months and years to come. >> what is your function? are you here to defeat the taliban? are you here to shore up the government in kabul? are you here as part of a long- term military presence? are you care to make sure that american troops and foreign troops can get out next year? >> we're here to give time and space for the afghan people to build a nation. we will not build a nation for them, nor can we secure the nation for them. it must be done by afghans. as international partners, we givehem an opportunity to do that. in doing that, we also meet our own requirements. we prevent the return of transnational terrorists like al-qaeda, and the return of a repressive regime, which is pretty unacceptable to anyone. >> who are you fighting? i have bee
are demanding to be heard. muslim demonstrators called afghan president karzai a fraud. >> we are calling for the troops to be removed, the occupation to end and the israelis to be changed. >> reporter: but foreign troops won't be leaving anytime soon. britain's prime minister said the tide is turning against insurgents and predicts afghan security forces should be able to take over their own security by next year but president karzai warns some american and international forces may be needed in afghanistan for another 15 years. charlie d'agata, cbs news, london. >>> >>> let's get the latest information on the earthquake in haiti. another sign of hope amid the ruins. a 17-year-old girl was pulled out of the rubble 15 days after the quake. a french team found her. the team says she was actually moments from death. the girl is weak. she's dehydrated and she has a broken leg but she's going to survive. >>> the search and rescue team from fairfax county is coming home today. they left haiti for the dominican republic yesterday. the team is one of the first to leave for hey did and they made s
just as president hameed karzai swore in members of his new cabinet. in india today, richard holbrooke condemned the attack. >> it's not surprising that the taliban do this sort of thing, they're desperate people. >> reporter: it may get worse, as the american military steps up its counter insurgency campaign, the taliban may resort to more attacks against civilian targets. the center of the capital remains under total lockdown as western intelligence officials fear, there may be still more taliban suicide bombers on the loose in the city. jim miklaszewski, nbc news, kabul. >>> when we continue in a moment, the cliffhanger in massachusetts, are the democrats about to lose the kennedy seat in the senate? the seat the gop now wants so badly. and there's the meloaf. yuck. look what sometimes happens with the ordinary bag. it slips, oh, bingo, it falls in. mom was mad. mom should have used glad forceflex with the new stretchable drawstring that grips the can and stays in place. plus, it has the stretchable strength of forceflex. that's all today for glad tv. bo: don't get mad--
to have the karzai government show us that we, that it is going to truly reform. >> well, let's start with the karzai government. senator mccain, while you were there, president karzai is trying another time to get his cabinet approved. if he cannot even get a cabinet approved and he does not have the faith of other people in their government that they're not corrupt. if we can't get to that simple first step, how can we build institutions and how can we repair roads and put people to work and educate them in afghanistan and build the confidence of the afghan people that trust your central government, not the taliban? >> well, they have a long way to go in the area of corruption, but the fact that the parliament rejected his nominees, i think you can look at a democratic process moving forward. i believe that president karzai recognizes that what he's just been through was an important lesson to him. we have to keep pressing on the corruption issue. but let me tell you two other things that concern me, first of all, i think we have the right strategy and the right resources and the ri
problem, and we have to have -- that's part of the equation, and we have to have the karzai government show us that we -- it is going to truly reform. >> let's start with the karzai government, senator mccain. while you are there, president karzai is trying another time to get his cabinet approved. if he cannot even get a cabinet approved, he does not have the faith of other people in his government that these people aren't corrupt, they know how to do the basics of good governance. if we can't get to that simple first step, how want we build institutions and build roads, put people to work and build confidence in the afghan people, trust your central government, not the taliban? >> they have a long way to go in the area of corruption. but the fact the parliament rejected his nominees, i think you could look at a democratic process moving forward. i believe president karzai recognizes that what he's just been through was an important lesson to him. we have to keep pressing on the corruption issue. let me tell you two other things that concern me. first of all, i think we have the right
hamid karzai told the conference that is country is moving slowly toward national security but that training security forces could take years. at an opening session this morning, the british and that an leaders and the un secretary general outlined their goals for the conference. . . >> in the last year britain has suffered hundreds of fatalities per he to the countries represented today recognizes that this mission is vital for our national security. it is vital to the stability of this crucial region and it is vital to the security of our world. we set out last autumn on strategies and we're making progress. the military search is turning to the tide against the taliban- led insurgency. it is at the same time building the capacity of the afghan forces who are fighting alongside us. a civilian surge is insuring that areas are cleared of the taliban and our stabilization teams go in to work with local to halt ground that has been a superdelegate. britain is proud that we lead the largest civilian reconstruction team in afghanistan. during 2009, we doubled the number of brit
. the fighting raged citywide for nearly five hours. today's grizzly attacks came just as afghan president karzai was swearing in members of his new cabinet. ambassador richard holbrook, u.s. special envoy to the region who just left kabul hours earlier told reporters in india that he wasn't surprised. >> they're ruthless. the people who are doing this certainly will not survive the attack nor will they succeed. but we can expect this sort of thing on a regular basis. >> warner: the taliban claims responsibility for today's attacks telling the associated press they had sent 20 militants to do the job. it was the militants' answer to karzai's recently renewed offer of reconciliation with the taliban said the u.s. institute of peace. >> the taliban spokesperson said today in claiming responsibility for the attack that they were trying to undermine or disrupt the notion that the taliban could be bought off, that they could be lured off the battlefield and instead to demonstrate that they are united and they are committed to their cause. they sent these suicide bomber into the heart of kabul. >> warn
government as well. guest: years ago when he met with hamid karzai at a dinner, someone said to him, mr. president, how are you going to address this problem of corruption? in fact, he said, what problem? joe biden, famously -- dinner was over -- he threw his napkin down and said, this dinner is over, and walked out. nothing has happened to defrost his relations with president karzai. both biden and richard holbrooke have terrible relations with karzai. host: james traub is with us to talk about the influence of joe biden. republicans, 202-737-0001. democrats, 202-737-0002. independents, 202-628-0205. you can send us an e-mail or tweet us at. next phone call. caller: i think our president is doing very well. if we wanted joe biden as president, he would be president. i like the idea that our president is intelligent. he is not a puppet, like the last eight years. i think he is doing what he is supposed to be doing. host: james traub? guest: i guess i would agree, in general. he believes he could be a good president. i believe this is almost a desirable alternative. he is a very knowledg
more than a mile away. it came just as president karzai was swearing many members of his new cabinet. hours after the main attack, there's still reports of sporadic gun fire. and much of the central city remains under total lockdown. despite the relative calm now, officials fear there may be more suicide bombers still on the loose in kabul tonight. >> october 28, gunmen stormed a guest house used by u.n. staff. 11 people were killed in that attack. >> five local students accused of plotting terrorist attacks say they have been mistreated while they were in custody in pakistan. . pakistani police say e-mails from the group show they had contacted the taliban and they were planning terror attacks. the men had a court hearing today and while a van was taking them away from the hearing, they shouted that they were being tortured. police deny the men are being mistreated. >> there's a special election in massachusetts tomorrow to fill the u.s. senate seat held by the late senator edward kennedy. even though massachusetts is considered a staunchly democratic state, that race is tight. pole
government ministries also came under fire. afghan president hamid karzai says the security situation in the capital is now back under control. >> the fighting lasted more than four hours, pitched battles in the heart of kabul. the taliban directly challenging afghanistan's struggling democracy. security forces are moving in, they're dislodge gunmen from the roots of a building. it's not the first time, but this was a brazen and deadly attack on the capital's commercial and political plant. >> there was a suicide bomb, this says man who was injured, a big explosion, lots of people were wounded, i don't know how many. >> as fighting broke out in several different places, a taliban spokesman telephoned a news agency saying 20 suicide bombers had entered the city. shopping centers and commercial buildings were reported alight. a car bomb exploded near the education ministry. a suicide bomber blew himself up near the presidential palace, and there was more. one afghan member of parliament monitored the fighting. >> one man with a very brand-new business suit came took over an ambulance an
there be a second runoff. thereby, and taking the initial count down under 50% and having president karzai except that, which was a good step for afghanistan. the runoff never happened, but at least the ecc was able to maintain its independence and show that the rule of law does matter to some degree in afghanistan. with that, let me briefly introduced are three distinguished speakers and turn it over to them to speak just for a few minutes, no more than 10 minutes each. to my far left is scott worden. he has just returned to the institute here. he was on a leave of absence last year to work as one of the three international members of the electoral complaints commission. scott was also involved in the elections in 2005, the parliament. you have their bios in their -- in front of you. isabel is sitting next to scott wright -- scott's right. she has worked in afghanistan at back in 2005 as a political adviser and knows quite a lot -- knows quite a lot about the afghanistan elections. to my left is a grant kippen. he was the chairman of the ecc both in 2005 and this past year in 2009. but scott and
-nation conference on the future of afghanistan. afghan president hamid karzai said he expects foreign forces to be in his country for up to 15 years. there was also talk of a new plan to win over the taliban by allowing them into the afghanistan government. the executive of foreign editor of the london telegraph, also a terrorism expert. it is kind of like talking about both sides of your mouth. we say that this is one of the most brutal regimes on the planet and yet that they want to allow them into the afghanistan government. what do you make of that? >> reporter: well, this is a very ambitious program. the heart of the matter here is that there is a core of the taliban, the original founders who are never going to give in to the west and are always going to be an enemy. in recent years because of the we the afghan press has been handled the strength of the taliban has ground. there are a lot of people who would not normally support the taliban have been drawn in. the plan is to try and persuade them to come back into the mainstream of afghan politics by paying to lay down their guns. trac
on attacks in the capital of kabul. >> we're hearing at this moment th afghan president karzai said security has been restored to kabul but this comes after a deadly attack and fierce gun battles and potential for more attacks today. five people including a child were killed. nearly 40 people wounded in these attacks. taliban gunmen some wearing suicide vests launched coordinated assault on the presidential palace and ministry buildings. militants were holed up inside a burning shopping center that was quickly surrounded by security forces but first responders, emergency workers and police came under heavy fire from taliban sharpshooters. another suicide bomber driving an ambulance set off a huge blast. president karzai said in a statement that the enemies of afghanistan are trying to spread father among kabul citizens. he ordered security officials to do their best to make arrests right away. nbc news is reporting that western intelligence officials say there could be a good number of taliban suicide bombers still on there's in the capital today. eun, back to you. >>> now to the latest out
't have to continue. khzaei -- karzai was a great hope. everyone no knows him respected him. he might change his mind. the pressures that led him to permit and maybe support this corrupt structure could be reversed over time. the people up and down that structure might change their mind. the parliament is -- has stood up against his nominations. who's knows who's going to happen up and down that road. if we succeed in something that we can do, peter has pointed out the crucial important to the kandahar road. than doesn't be impossible to secure that. that changes the economic nature of southern afghanistan. it could get better. >> if i could just add one point. there's no question that the ghost of vietnam haunts this administration. i can tell you from being in it for 60 days. the ghost of what happened to lyndon johnson walks the corridors of this white house, it walks the corridors of this building every day. it's a mistake. we got to get over it. we got to stop fighting the vietnam war. i don't know whether we could have won or not, but it is not relevant to afghanistan. as marc p
capital. president karzai says order has been restored to the streets after teams of militants attacked government buildings. at least five people were killed. the attacks came at the same time that karzai was swearing in new members of his cabinet. >>> and president bill clinton heads to haiti. with more reports of scattered violence and looting, new troops on the way. an american health organization now estimates as many as 100,000 people were killed. >>> "the new york times" is reportedly set to begin charging readers for access to its website. the newspaper is expected to announce in the coming weeks a metered pay plan, where viewers will have access to a number of free articles before being asked to subscribe. >> they got to do it. >> they got to do it, i understand this. >> if you do great work, don't give your writing away, don't give your features away, don't give journalism away. >> i hope it works. 77% would not be willing to pay to read content online. we shall see. let's go to willie to sports. >> i have to show you the back cover of "the new york post." rex ryan. the jets i
. the book centers on this incident which i described where u.s. special operators blocked hamid karzai's planned governor for kabul. she interweaves into it a very well-written and interestingly a history that is well-written, well-organized, and based on a lot of her own research with the original sources. a second really important understanding of the country can be gotten from joe haversty's book "the opium season" which details a year in which he was involved in as a subcontractor in the usaid efforts in 2 004-2005 to provide alternative livelihood's to draw with the work force from up opium production. it gives a great view of the violence and corruption. and moreover it shows the bureaucratic profiteering and dysfunction that is increasing the complexity and cost of our involvement, not just in war, but in development. a third source, and i think it is outstanding if you want to understand the country is rory stewart, who within weeks after the fall of the taliban walked to kabul in the winter which is supposed to kill you and through pashtun villages and described that experienc
. karzai -- having legitimacy, and i do not think we have that. this will depend on achieving security, which i think is achievable, and with good government comes with our own money invested in jobs. without jobs, afghanistan will not be a positive scenario in the future, but i must conclude by pointing out that this is not going to affect our domestic national security, as we see with the last three plots. the underwear bomber came from nine cheerio region with -- came from nigeria. one of them came from somalia, and major hassan came from washington, d.c. thank you very much. [applause] >> peter has to leave at 11:00, so he should take the first few questions, and there is a microphone in the back of the room for anyone who would like to ask a question. >> i work 30 years of the journalists. i retired two years ago. my question is for peter. what i hear now is exactly what i was hearing before the iraq war, and the promise was saddam hussein was on popular. then we will have a democracy. now it is an islamic system. there is a hypothesis that afghan people love us. the last point i
karzai and afghanistan about corruption, and let him look at our government, he can say, for enough money, you can get anything passed. let me explain what that means for other states and what it means for the state of tennessee. right now, we have 50 less state troopers than we had in 1977, and we have two million more people. . without going back to the senate, go straight to the president, we have 15 million more people who have medicaid. with that comes an obligation from the state to pay for that. we don't have any money to pay for it. right now, our colleges do not have one capital improvement project on a single college campus, the university of tennessee and the 26 board of regents. not a library, dormitory or chemistry lab. we can't add any more people to our medicaid and medicare plans. mr. gingrey: some of the teachers in the great volunteer state are having to take furloughs and leaves of absences and that kind of thing. mr. roe: we are in the 1940's in education. here is another unfunded mandate that comes to the state and nebraska, the people in nebraska don't have to pay fo
about the cabinet picks, the selections of hamid karzai. cabinet crisis reveals karzai's weakening grasp. lawmakers unhappy with the president's pick. what is the concern over the choices? >> guest: president karzai has made two sets of choices. he nominated once slate of cabinet officials about 24 of them. seventeen were rejected by the parliament. the parliament in a healthy move is asserting itself. this is a good thing. have some balancing, checks and balances as we understand them. so the parliament looked at the first slate of nominees from karzai and did not like many of them. rejected them. the parliament did choose, did agree, and did confirm several of the most important cabinet choices from president karzai, minister of defence and minister of interior which handles all the police, minister of finance, minister of agriculture. one of the big recipients of assistance. so the cabinet in this area somewhat. president karzai has recently submitted a second slate to replace those that were rejected the first time. these are lesser-known people. the second slate of lesser-known peop
.s. officials cannot have liked the message they heard from afghanistan's president today. hamid c hamid karzai warned u.s. troops may be needed for at least ten years to help train afghan forces. tom aspell is in london for us this morning. >> reporter: good morning, savannah. representatives from more than 60 countries gathered here in london seeking to buy off taliban fighters from a $500 million fund. it's hoped at least 12,000 lower-level taliban can be persuaded to abandon the insurgency and accept payment to defend their villages while western military forces go after hard-core taliban fighters. at the same time the west will effort training and equipping half g afghan aftermys to take over security duties after 2011. hamid karzai says he sees afghan forces being deployed for another decade. he says he hopes the government can establish control over the country's 34 provinces by 2015. karzai hopes to convene a meeting of afghan elders to discuss his proposals to reach out to taliban leaders, but the united states says it doesn't see any talks taking place with any top taliban leadership
this week. and karzai raised some eyebrows, it seems, by suggesting reconciliation with taliban leadership. this is by people on the ground, low-level folks, the u.s. working a way to work with those kind of taliban. but in terms of the leadership, does karzai have any international support for this concept? >> absolutely. i don't know, i mean, certainly as far as we're concerned, we weren't raising our eyebrows. that's what we were expecting to hear. because if you want to win against an insurgency, you've got to have strong military force, you've got to put pressure on the insurgents. but ultimately, this is going to be won by political means. you've got to divide the opposition and pull across as many people as possible. and that's going to happen bottom up with the low-level fighters and the middle level fighters and the tribal leaders. >> is that realistic, to think that taliban leaders want a political solution? i mean, do you make that distinguish -- i know the taliban does not equal al qaeda, but is it realistic? >> not for every single one. i think in any insurgency, in any confli
on the roof firing into the neighboring buildings. not far away, president karzai was swearing in new members of his cabinet. this is the man who has to try to persuade the world that he is winning the war against the taliban. president obama's special envoy in india dismissed the attack as the trial and doomed. the streets are quiet tonight. for hours today, they belong to a dozen desperate men, armed and determined, knowingly going to their own tests to show the world what they're capable of. -- they were knowingly willing to go to their own deaths to show the world what they are capable of. >> china confounding all expectations. new figures released by the government suggests it grew 8.7% last year. that puts it on course to overtake japan as the world's second-biggest economy. about 300 people died in clashes between muslims and christians in the central nigerian city. houses were set on fire. thousands of people were made homeless. curfew was imposed. restrictions were later relaxed for the residents to get food and water. in one of the biggest corporate failures in japan's history, the
for about 2.5 hours. not far away, president karzai was swearing in new members of his cabinet. this is a man who has to try to persuade the world that he is winning the war against the taliban. the special envoy to president obama also dismissed the attack as futile and doomed. tonight, the streets of kabul are quiet, won back. but four hours today, they were -- for hours today, others had them. >> the verdict on president obama's first year. first, though, he was once the most popular politician in the ukraine, but it seems clear that the onetime hero of the orange revolution has lost his voter appeal. five years after he ushered in what looked like a new political era in ukraine, he has been precisely defeated in the election. the former prime ministers will be battling it out in an election runoff. we have this report. >> long before all of the ballots were counted, the results were clear. voters had overwhelmingly rejected the man who was at beheaded of demonstrations in 2004. -- who was at the head of demonstrations in 2004. the main beneficiary of his plummeting populari
, if someone is a relative of karzai then things become problematic. we like to think we are going to defer to the host nation's judgement but sometimes we have got to have a role in the same thing goes too in iraq early on we said we are going to let the afghans do it. you have got to let the native population to get themselves. sometimes that just doesn't work and sometimes the americans just have to get more involved. >> a question over here. >> hi tom. i have got to comment. i am a civil affairs guy and i have that kind of a comment for tom and then a question for mark. i have got to pick up on where you left off on your final point because i think in my experience as a practitioner in this kind of business to include low level counterinsurgency operations and i just did in liberia. >> i just want to point out that chris was the one of the great heroes when he tried to keep the kobo from blowing up. >> i think there is way too much emphasis on hearts and minds. as i like to tell people i don't care if you like me because i'm going home to write my harley-davidson. so my mission here is
in town bolstering support for karzai's government as well as the summit later this month. >> lama hasan in kabul, thanks. >>> and now to the quake zone where survivors are still being pulled from the rubble after being buried for over 100 hours. >> and relief efforts are expected to get a big boost from a former president. >> good morning, the clock is ticking to save those buried in the rubble and to get aid to those left with nothing. >> reporter: some prayers were answered in haiti where the scope of the disaster matches the human suffering. this 6-year-old boy was pulled overnight from a home that collapsed after tuesday's 7.2 earthquake. in another part of the city, another miracle, this woman survived 126 hours under rubble before she was rescued. >> it's a very wonderful night because we've worked almost 26 hours straight for those two survivors. immediately now, we need to start working some more for additional survivors. >> reporter: though for every rescue story time is running out for countless other victims. former president bill clinton forecasts to this area with food, wat
. not so much optimism so much that they have received that hamid karzai is the winner and the united states is in again in a big way. >> is there also a reality in that their daily lives are improving? >> the improvements have been gradual. there is only a little improvement on transportation and education. there is no improvement on their sense of security from the taliban. they have seen some improvements. they are not dramatic. what has changed is their estimation of what the next few years will bring. they are staking out their future that the americans will somehow prevail. >> looked, they're saying this strategy is working. flexed too early to say that it is working, but i would say that there is a battle for the sections to be one -- >> it is too early to say that it is working, but i would said there's a battle for the elections of the future. afghanistan may be turning a corner. but there's also a lot wrong with the ordinary lives of afghans. over the last five years it has increased, but it could fade away. >> you mentioned that people were aware that the election was fraud
. >> president karzai also mentioned this. are the taliban receptive? >> no, but there are people that might be receptive. they might be looking how the government is looking to share power. that might be a place where they could start. >> you mentioned the role of providing jobs for people. are there jobs for people? is it as simple as saying if you join me i will give you a job? >> i do not think anything like that. jobs at the village level -- that is what people are talking about. if they offered jobs to people, and at the same time, offered negotiations, -- we are not going to ask the taliban to surrender. we're asking them to reconcile, share the power, and resources, then work together. that might help them to bring some leaders. [unintelligible] in the short term, working mainly with the tribal leaders and the leaders of the taliban. >> if we can look into the future, do you agree with general mcchrystal that a political solution to all comnflicts is inevitable? >> i think we are. we need much more time, much more resources. in some ways, eroding the support -- they will be pushed to
and come over to the government's side. hamid karzai is willing to reconcile is taliban leaders with you the offer is not for anyone in al qaeda. leaders have been pushing for a program to entice militants. they must recognize afghanistan's constitution. >> the taliban are welcome to return to to their own country and work for peace in order for us to be able then to have the u.s. and other forces have the freedom to go back home. >> shannon: nato will conduct an investigation into a strike on a outpost. it was called for yesterday after soldiers fired on u.s. and afghanistan commandos. the afghan soldiers thought the unit was taliban militants and call it an unfortunate incidents. >> world leaders of the international conference on afghanistan agreed to a timetable obscurity duties but other issues remain unresolved. joining us, michael owe o'han lynn. >>> so this idea of reconciling with some of the taliban or inviting them to join the government in what it's trying to do, is it a good idea? >> it's early. we haven't established momentum on the battlefield. once we do, an offer can be
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